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Hartley, C. Gasquoine (Catherine Gasquoine) (1867?-1928)
by Gaipa, Mark

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Catherine Gasquoine Hartley 1867? - 1928

Author, journalist, headmistress; also known as Mrs. Walter M. Gallichan and Mrs. Arthur D. Lewis. Born in Antananarivo, Madagascar, Hartley was the second daughter of Reverend Richard Griffiths Hartley and Catherine Gasquoine. She was schooled privately and had no formal education until she was 16. Her first job was teaching, and in 1894 she became headmistress at Babington House School in Kent, England–a position she held until about 1903, when she left Kent and her job to begin a career as a writer in London. After composing an unsuccessful novel, Hartley went on to become a prolific journalist and author of non-fiction. She published books on art, Spanish culture and society, feminist issues, human sexuality, and children. She also wrote articles for the New Age, Art Journal, Connoisseur, the English Review, and the Daily Express. Her first marriage was to Walter M. Gallichan; her second, to Arthur D. Lewis.

Hartley contributed several art reviews in the first two volumes (1907-8) of The New Age. Her pieces discussed recent exhibits by British artists--like Charles Shannon, Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, and John Collier–who had established their reputation in the late 19th century and sometimes indulged a taste for classical antiquariansim in their work. In a review titled "The Confusion of Art," Hartley criticized the artistic outlook of a number of Fabians as being too doctrinaire and missionary; here she may have offered New Age readers an alternative to the socialist, guild-minded outlook that A. J. Penty and A. Romney Green brought to their New Age art reviews in other weeks.

Books published by Hartley include: Pictures in the Tate Gallery (1904), A Record of Spanish Painting (1904), books on Velazquez (1907) and El Greco (1908), Cathedrals of Southern Spain (1913), The Truth about Woman (1913), The Position of Woman in Primitive Society: a study of the matriarchy (1914), Motherhood and the Relationship of the Sexes (1916), Sexual Education and National Health (1920), Divorce To-day and To-morrow (1920), Mind of the Naughty Child (1923), and Women, Children, Love and Marriage (1924).

—Mark Gaipa


  • Who Was Who: 1916-1928 (1929)
  • Who Was Who in Literature: 1906-1934 (1979).
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