by Scholes, Robert
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Georges Rouault (1871 - 1958)
He was born in Paris during the Commune. His first job was as an apprentice in a stained glass factory, but he soon left to study painting in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1891, where he studied with Gustave Moreau and met Moreau's other students, including Matisse. Devastated by the death of his teacher in 1898, he gradually turned toward Christianity and became a painter of religious themes, though remaining a fauve or expressionist in style. He also, however, continued to return to the thematic material of his earlier days, painting circus scenes and people, for example, throughout his career. He and his work are strong examples of the connection between symbolism, spirituality, and modernism in art.