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About the MJP

The Modernist Journals Project is a multi-faceted project that aims to be a major resource for the study of modernism and its rise in the English-speaking world, with periodical literature as its central concern. The historical scope of the project has a chronological range of 1890 to 1922, and a geographical range that extends to wherever English language periodicals were published. With magazines at its core, the MJP also offers a range of genres that extends to the digital publication of books directly connected to modernist periodicals and other supporting materials for periodical study.

We end at 1922 for both intellectual and practical reasons. The practical reason is that copyright becomes an issue with publications from 1923 onward. The intellectual reason is that most scholars consider modernism to be fully fledged in 1922, a date marked by the publication of James Joyce's Ulysses, Virginia Woolf’s Jacob’s Room, and T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land. We believe the materials on the MJP website will show how essential magazines were to modernism's rise.


The MJP began in 1995 at Brown University, with funding from the University and small local grants, as a website of digital editions of periodicals connected to the rise of modernism in the English-speaking world. Our first major project began in 1996: a digital edition of The New Age, a British weekly magazine edited by A. R. Orage, from 1907 to 1922. In the course of preparing this edition, the MJP generated various supporting materials, including essays on contributors to the magazine, historical introductions to each six-month volume, and biographical sketches of over a thousand artists mentioned in the magazine, along with images of their work. Our edition of The New Age was completed, with the aid of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, in 2004.

The University of Tulsa joined the MJP in 2003. Using copies in Tulsa's McFarlin Library, we were able to add Dana, an Irish magazine of 1904-1905 best known for first publishing James Joyce, to our digital archive in 2005. In that same year, the MJP redesigned its technological infrastructure from scratch, both to accommodate growth and to bring its materials and methods into conformance with the best practices of the digital library community. At the same time, in response to requests from members of the Modernist Studies Association, the MJP added a digital edition of the well-known Vorticist magazine, Blast, based on copies in the McFarlin Library. The MJP's website was also redesigned from the ground up, producing a data-driven, standards-compliant interface to the MJP's resources.

With the help of another NEH grant, the MJP added, during the 2008-2009 academic year, a run of Poetry magazine, from 1912 through 1922, and The English Review for the period when Ford Madox Hueffer (Ford) edited it, from 1908 to 1910—and in the following year, the MJP completed a digital edition of Scribner's Magazine, from 1910 through 1922. A third NEH grant, during the 2010-2011 academic year, allowed the MJP to produce editions of The Crisis, The Freewoman, The New Freewoman, The Egoist, The Little Review, and Others. During the 2011-12 academic year, the MJP also added an edition of The Dome (first series: 1897-1898) as well as a set of pages devoted to the Imagist Anthologies (1914-1917).

Current and Future Projects

Recently, the MJP has developed new sites that focus on the use of its materials: an expanded set of teaching and research pages, an instructional wiki that allows for user participation, and the MJP Lab, which makes a sampling of MJP data files available to the public and offers examples of the analysis and visualization of MJP data.

In the spring of 2012, the MJP was awarded its fourth NEH grant, to digitize substantial runs of five American journals: Camera Work (1903-1917), The Masses (1911-1917), McClure's (1901-1910), The Seven Arts (1916-1917), and The Smart Set (1913-1922). Work on these journals will be complete in June 2015.


The Modernitst Journals Project is the brain child of Robert Scholes, who directed the MJP at Brown from 1995 to 2012, when he retired from active involvement with the project. Bob is a senior scholar of modernism, whose work is widely known. He was President of the Modern Language Association in 2004.

Beginning in 2003, Bob was joined by Sean Latham as co-director the MJP at Tulsa. A former Project Manager of the MJP at Brown, Sean is Editor of the James Joyce Quarterly at Tulsa, a Professor of English there, and the author of books and articles on modernist literature and humanities computing. He hosted the meeting of the Modernist Studies Association (MSA) at Tulsa in October 2006 and was President of the MSA in 2008-2009. In 2014, Sean became Director of the Oklahoma Center for Humanities at Tulsa, and stepped down from active involvement in the MJP; he is currently a senior advisor to the project.

The current director of the MJP at Brown is Susan Smulyan, who joined the project in 2012 to help oversee the MJP's latest NEH grant. Susan is a Professor of American Studies at Brown as well as Director of the John Nicholas Brown Center for Public Humanities and Cultural Heritage.

The current director of the MJP at Tulsa is Jeff Drouin, who functioned as the project's associate director from 2012 before replacing Sean as the Tulsa director in 2014. Jeff also teaches at the University of Tulsa, where he is an Assistant Professor of English with a special focus on Modernism and the Digital Humanities. His first book, James Joyce, Science, and Modernist Print Culture, was pulbished by Routledge in 2015.

The long-standing Technical Advisor of the MJP is Clifford Wulfman. Cliff holds a PhD from Yale University in modern literature and an MS in computer science from the University of Pennsylvania. He has published work on modernism and humanities computing, including Modernism in the Magazines which he co-wrote with Bob Scholes. Cliff is currently the Coordinator of Library Digital Initiatives at Princeton University, where he directs the Blue Mountain Project and is and a consultant for the Center for Digital Humanities at Princeton.

The last member of the MJP's core staff is Mark Gaipa, who worked as project manager at Brown from 2008 to 2014, when he became a Senior Editor at the project. Mark holds a PhD from Brown in English literature, has published on modernism, rhetoric, and writing pedagogy, and has taught at Harvard University as well as the Universities of Freiburg and Stuttgart in Germany.

Though the MJP has been administered by the above staff, the material that appears on the MJP website would not have been possible without the dedication and hard work of many other people from both Brown and Tulsa. Here are just some who have contributed to the project over the years: Renée Allen (former project manager at Brown), Tara Aveilhe (project manager at Tulsa: 2012-14), James Bachman, Lydia Kelow Bennett, Srdan Beronja, Richard Black (former project manager at Tulsa), Allie Blair, Peter Boyer, Colleen Brogan, Sarah Brown, Charlotte Buecheler, David Chandler, Kenny Coane, Jeff Covington, Carol DeBoer-Langworthy, Abel Debritto (a Fulbright fellow from Spain and assistant project manager at Brown from 2012 to 2014), Drew Dickerson, Siera Dissmore, Kent Emerson (project manager at Tulsa: 2014-15), Derek Ettensohn, Laura Fisher, Lindsey Gilbert, Ashley Greene, Stewart Habig, Robert Hilliker, Eunice Hong, Christian Howard, Matt Huculak, Joanna Iacono, Rachel Isaacs, Christina Johantgen, Omer Ali Kazmi, Matt Kochis (project manager at Tulsa: 2010-12), Adam Kopp, Chris La Casse, Wendy Lee, Jeff Longacre, Annie Macdonald, Erika Manouselis, Kerry McAuliffe, Susan McNeil (MCM Department Manager at Brown), Rebecca McClure, Tiffany Mendoza, David Noriega, Daphné Rentfrow (former project manager at Brown), Susan Solomon, Robert Sullivan (former project manager at Brown), Jonathan Tinnin, Colleen Tripp (research associate and MJP proctor at Brown: 2013-14), Matt Vaughn, Alex Verdolini, Jacqueline Wernimont, and Robert Yeates.


The MJP has a distinguished international Board of Advisors, whose members are consulted about the projects we should undertake and about improvements in our web site:

  • Ann Ardis, Associate Dean of Arts and Humanities and Professor of English at the University of Delaware, author of Modernism and Cultural Conflict, 1880-1922 and other works on modernism
  • Peter Brooker, Professor of Literary and Cultural Studies at the University of Nottingham, UK, author of Bohemia in London: The Social Scene of Early Modernism and other works on modernism
  • Maria DiBattista, Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Princeton University, author of High and Low Moderns: British Literature and Culture 1889-1939 and other works on modernism
  • Suzanne Churchill, Associate Professor of English at Davidson College, author of The Little Magazine OTHERS and the Renovation of American Poetry and other works on little magazines and modernism
  • David Earle, Associate Professor of English and Foreign Languages at the University of West Florida, author of Recovering Modernism: Pulps, Paperbacks, and the Prejudice of Form and All Man!: Hemingway, 1950s Men’s Magazines, and the Masculine Persona
  • Brad Evans, Associate Professor of English at Rutgers University, author of Before Cultures: The Ethnographic Imagination in American Literature, 1865-1920
  • Michael Groden, Professor of English at the University of Western Ontario, author of "Ulysses" in Progress and other works on modernism
  • Mark Morrison, Professor of English at Pennsylvania State University, author of The Public Face of Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception 1905-1920
  • Robert Spoo, Professor and Chapman Distinguished Chair at The University of Tulsa College of Law, former editor of The James Joyce Quarterly and now copyright advisor to the MJP
  • Martha S. Vogeler, Professor Emeritus in the Departments of English, Comparative Literature, and Linguistics at California State University, Fullerton, author of Frederic Harrison: The Vocations of a Positivist and Austin Harrison and the "English Review".

Tulsa Advisory Board

  • D. Thomas Benediktson, Professor of Classics and Dean of Arts and Sciences
  • Marc Carlson, Interim Head of Special Collections, McFarlin Library
  • George Gilpin, Professor of English and McFarlin Library Scholar-in-Residence

Brown Advisory Board

From the Library

  • Harriette Hemmasi, University Librarian (Co-Chair)
  • Andrew Ashton, Associate University Librarian for Digital Technologies

From the Department of Comparative Literature

  • Kenneth Haynes, Associate Professor

From the English Department

  • Tamar Katz, Associate Professor
  • Ravit Reichman, Associate Professor

From the Office of the Provost

  • Joseph Meisel, Deputy Provost

From the MJP

  • Susan Smulyan, MJP Co-Director (Co-Chair)
  • Mark Gaipa, MJP Senior Editor

Citing the MJP, and Contact Information

If you would like to cite the MJP, we recommend that you use the following notation: The Modernist Journals Project (searchable database). Brown and Tulsa Universities, ongoing.

To contact the MJP, please write to or